Phonogram Box: Same as the Phonetic Object Box, but, in addition to the phonetic objects, one object that contains a phonogram to introduce that sound (sh, th, ou, etc.) Phonogram Booklets: A set of books, each with a collection of words containing a given phonogram (printed in red and isolated in each booklet) for practice reading. The purpose is to aid in correct spelling, to explore language, and to increase vocabulary. Phonogram Cards: A set of cards, each with a collection of words containing a given phonogram. At the top of each card is a picture depicting one of the words on the list. These cards provide further reading practice. Puzzle Words: Cards with words that have irregular construction and cannot be sounded out – using three-period lessons toward memorization. Reading Classification: Using sets of cards, organized into categories, as labels to identify collections of pictures or objects in the environment. Also using pictures and definitions to match with corresponding booklets for scientific nomenclature. These activities provide reading practice and vocabulary enrichment. Function of Words (parts of speech): Exercises designed to show that different words have certain roles. Each part of speech has a corresponding symbol. Written labels are matched to objects, often on a miniature farm. The parts of speech are not formally named until the elementary. • • • • • • • Article (small, lt. blue triangle) identifies a noun – definite (the) and indefinite (a, an) Adjective (medium, dark blue triangle) modifies a noun Conjunction (pink bar) connects words or phrases Preposition (green crescent) shows relationships Verb (red circle) names an action and explores the aspects of the verb Adverb (small, orange circle) modifies a verb Continuation of Commands – phrases and sentences to read and dramatize Reading Analysis (parts of a sentence): A series of exercises that allow the child to deconstruct sentences and discover that different parts of a sentence play different roles. The sentences are ‘diagrammed’ using arrows, circles and charts, but the sentence parts are not named until the elementary. These exercises make the child aware of the meaning of words, and help him to interpret his reading more meaningfully. Simple Sentences – subject, action, object Simple Sentences with Extensions – subject, predicate, object, prepositional phrases Simple Sentences with Attributes and Appositions Creative Writing Game: Using the Reading Analysis materials to engage in creative writing. Interpretive Reading: Using a set of cards describing dramatic scenes, sometimes from literature, that children read and perform. The purpose is to prepare for ‘total reading’ and for future work in drama. Word Study: A selection of cards and charts covering masculine/feminine, singular/plural, prefixes, suffixes, compound words, and word families. This is usually small group work and satisfies the child’s need for learning more about words and language. Punctuation and Capitalization: These rules are presented as aids to fitting into society, rather than as corrections. Mathematics: Numbers to Ten These exercises provide a basic knowledge of numerals and quantities to ten. They give the child an understanding of the quantities and their symbols and their association with each other in sequence. The concept of odd and even is also introduced. Number Rods: A set of rods that correspond in size to the red rods, but are marked off into sections representing the quantities 1 through 10. The child develops a sense of the relationship between quantities and numerals. Sandpaper Numbers: A set of written symbols depicting the numbers 0 through 10. The child traces them to prepare for writing and associates the written symbol with the quantity. Spindle Boxes: The spindles clarify the concept that the numeric symbols also represent a certain quantity of separate objects, unlike the number rods. The child learns zero and counts the spindles to place them in the appropriate boxes. 37