At the end of the Lower Elementary cycle, students will be able to (WBATs): Geography Benchmark - Identify the planets in the solar system - Explain the relative size of the earth in relation to the sun - Identify the layers of the Earth - Identify the four seasons - Explain the general work of water (to carve, carry, deposit) - Explain the general work of air (takes up space, moves, hot air rises, cool air sinks) Biology Benchmark - Needs of the plant - Name the plant’s vegetative parts - Describe the function of a leaf - Describe the function of the root - Describe the function of the stem - Name the plant's reproductive parts. History Benchmark - Read a calendar - Tell time digitally and chromatically - Know that the formation of the universe, the coming of life to Earth and the coming of humans to Earth occurred over a long period of time - Can express that there are human attributes related to walking upright, use of hands and having an imaginative, thinking mind - Can express the idea that humans can care about other people across space and time - Can express that all humans have fundamental needs related to food, protection, transportation and relationships - Can express that writing and mathematics were great human achievements - Use materials and classroom resources to study topics of interest in the area of history - Describe the function of the fruit, flower and seed - Know the five classes of vertebrates and general characteristics (mammal, reptile, bird, fish, amphibian) - Know the difference between vertebrate and invertebrate - Know the human being is a mammal - Define revolution and rotation - Name land and water forms - Name the continents - Name the oceans - Name the US States with materials - Identify the three states of matter and general qualities (solid, liquid, gas) Performing Arts Benchmark - Express a positive disposition toward the discipline and their own talents - Sing in Unison Visual Arts Benchmark - Express a positive disposition toward the discipline and their own talents - Work with Line, Shape, Color, Texture, Space Spanish Benchmark - Express a positive disposition toward the discipline and their own talents - Comprehend simple greetings Physical Education Benchmark - Express a positive disposition toward the discipline and their own talents - Move their bodies with coordination - Demonstrate throwing, catching, kicking balls - Understand the concept of team sports - Demonstrate good sportsmanship - Maintain body awareness and control during games - Know general safety rules for sports games - Respect referees in a game - Engage in conflict resolution in a game situation - Comprehend simple action commands - Comprehend simple vocabulary in general categories - Use with skill: Markers, pencils, collage, watercolors, clay - Play the Orff percussion instruments - Narrate a performance - Perform a choreographed piece 75