At the end of the Upper Elementary cycle, students will have been exposed to (WBETs): Geography Benchmark The Sun and the Earth - Revolution / Rotation / Axis - Time Zones / Solstices / Equinoxes - Seasons - Climatic Zones - Latitude / Longitude / Equator / International dateline / Prime Meridian - Study of the Atmosphere Work of Water - Rivers - Erosion - Water Cycle - Watersheds Economic Geography - Interdependence - Taxes - Production and Consumption - World Trade Science Benchmark Classification - Five kingdoms - Plant classification - Animal classification Ecology - Biome/Ecosystem - Water Cycle / Nitrogen Cycle - Photosynthesis The Human Body - Cells, tissues, organs, systems - Bones and muscles Light and Sound - Wavelength/ Frequency of sound waves - Refraction / reflection - Opaque / transparent /translucent - Speed of light and sound - Electromagnetic spectrum Energy - Resources – renewable / non-renewable - Potential vs. Kinetic - Transforming energy from one type to another - Electricity Chemistry - Structure of an atom - Periodic table - Structures of Molecules and Compounds - Mixtures / Solutions - Suspension / Deposit / Emulsion / Crystallization - Acid / Base Physics - Forces and Friction - Simple Machines ( levers and pulleys) - Astronomy - Solar System/Moon Phases - Meteors / Meteorites, Asteroids, Comets - Life of a Star - Forces – Centrifugal, Centripetal, Gravity Work of Air - World wind systems - Names of the world winds - Sea Breeze / Land Breeze - Wind and Ocean Currents - High and Low Pressure - Fronts Map Work - Continents - Countries / Capitals - USA States and Capitals - Virginia - Land and Water Forms Plate Tectonics - Effects of Continental Drift - Sedimentary / Metamorphic / Igneous Rocks History Benchmark Foundational History - Creation of the universe - Coming of life - Clock of Eras /Black Strip - Timelines of Human Beings - Fundamental Needs of Human Beings Further Exploration Phases in History : - Nomadic / Agricultural / Urban Civilization - Ancient River Civilizations - Europe: Greece, Rome, Middle Ages / Renaissance - Africa, India, Asia, Islamic World 83 Study of the United States - Colonization of North America - American Revolution - Formation of Government - Westward Expansion - Civil War and Reconstruction - Industrialization - World Wars and the Depression - Movements for Equal Rights - Declaration of Independence - The Constitution - Constitutional Amendments - Bill of Rights