By the end of the Middle School cycle, students will be exposed to (WBETs): Algebra (continued) - Definitions/concept of polynomials - Negative & zero exponents - Properties of exponents - Operations on polynomials - Factoring polynomials - Quadratic equations - Solving quadratics using multiple methods/strategies - The quadratic formula - Rational algebraic expressions - Equivalent rational expressions - Operations of rational expressions - Using ratio and proportion in Algebra - Rational equations Data & Probability - Measures of center: mean, median, mode - 5 number summaries - Bar graphs - Dot plots - Box & whisker plots - Histograms - Stem & leaf plots - Analyzing & graphing two variable data - Using matrices - Proportion - Measurement conversion - Probability & randomness Science Benchmark Scientific Method - Formation of hypothesis - Experiment design - Identification and control of variables - Repeat trial - Interpretation & representation of data - Application to useful and practical problems Chemistry - History & organization of the periodic table of elements - Atoms & molecules - Chemical formulas & equations - Physical and chemical changes - pH Physics - Forms of energy - Transformation and transferral of energy - Waves - Work, force & motion - Electricity & magnetism Life Science - Structure, function, & division of cells - Classification of organisms - Photosynthesis & Respiration - Genetics & Inheritance - Changes in populations over time Ecology/Environmental Science - Interdependence of elements in an ecosystem - Cycles of matter and energy in nature - Relationships between biotic and abiotic factors Environmental Issues - Global warming - Pollution (air, water, land, etc.) - Food systems - Human activity & the ecosystem - Personal/collective action Geometry - Problem Solving Processes - Flexibility - Generalization - Reversibility - Motions - Geometric Objects - Solids - Combinations of Motions - Measurement - Dilations & Similarity - Using Angles - Properties of Polygons - Coordinates - Area & Perimeter - Proofs w/ Parallel Lines - Triangle Similarity - Triangle Congruence - Volume & Surface Area - Proofs About Polygons - Circles - Other Coordinate Systems Permaculture Design Deep observation Mapping Capturing & storing of energy “Stacking” of elements in a system Designing to mimic cycles in nature Stages of the design process Ethics & strategies of permaculture History of permaculture movement Examples of permaculture design 88