Bells (pitch): The child works with a set of bells that represent the diatonic and chromatic musical scales. The child matches corresponding bells and arranges the bells into the scale. This exercise develops a sense of pitch and prepares the child for further work in music. Tactile Exercises (rough/smooth, fabrics, hot/cold): The child works with a series of materials that help to discriminate variations of roughness or smoothness, types of fabric, and heat or coldness. The exercises develop the tactile sense and are preparation for writing. Tasting Exercises: The child pairs corresponding substances that have sweet, sour, salty and bitter tastes. This exercise develops a sense of the four fundamental tastes. Smelling Jars: The child pairs items by smell, developing a discriminating sense of smell. Geometric Solids (shape and size – 3 dimensions): The child works with a set of 3-dimensional geometric figures (sphere, cube, cone, ellipsoid, cylinder, rectangular prism, triangular prism, ovoid, pyramid, tetrahedron), using both sight and feel to identify them. This exercise helps the child to learn the solid shapes and prepares the child for geometry. Sorting Exercises: The child, sighted or blindfolded, mixes then sorts various items. This exercise develops a discriminating sense of touch and dimension. The child eventually works with the ‘mystery bag’, which contains items that can only be identified by touch. Constructive Triangles: The child works with several boxes that contain triangles that form various shapes with matched. These exercises show that geometric figures can be formed using triangles, prepare the child for learning equivalence, and prepare the child for learning the rules for finding area. Binomial and Trinomial Cubes: The child dismantles, then reforms cubes that represent the formula (a+b)(a+b)(a+b) and (a+b+c)(a+b+c)(a+b+c) . This exercise provides an indirect introduction to algebra, proves the formula, and prepares the child for finding cube root. Superimposed Geometric Figures: The child works with sets of figures that can be transposed within each other. This exercise shows relationships between geometric figures and teaches the language – concentric, inscribed, tangential, and adjacent. Language: Preliminary Language Language Training: Telling or reading stories and poems and talking about them afterwards with the children. Enrichment of Vocabulary: Presenting sensorial materials and classified cards to give vocabulary that is personal, familiar and/or scientific. Phonetic Sounds (“I Spy” Game): Making the child conscious of sounds in words, in preparation for writing. The child works with small objects and the guide isolates beginning, middle and end sounds. Writing The Practical Life exercises and Sensorial exercises provide a good basis for physical writing abilities through development of left to right movement, lightness of touch and coordination and precision. Sandpaper Letters: Giving the symbol, the shape and sound of the letters of the alphabet, using letter that the child traces. Moveable Alphabet: Practice using knowledge of letter sounds to form words. NOT A READING ACTIVITY. The child uses small letters of the alphabet to ‘write’ words, phrases, sentences and ‘stories’. Metal Insets: A series of presentations to develop fine motor development, pincer grip and control of movement. This is an artistic activity that aims at pencil control. The child traces metal shapes and decorates the drawings. Writing with Chalk Writing with a Pencil Reading These exercises contain all the necessary steps for the child to begin reading. Practice comes through the exercises, not from using phonetic reading books. These books are not appropriate for use in reading instruction. Some children enjoy the phonetic books, because they are familiar and comfortable – they can choose to read them, but the guide should not assign these books or direct the child to read aloud. Phonetic Object Box: The guide writes labels to match small objects with phonetic names – to help the child to understand that the written word is a group of sounds represented by graphic symbols and that the word has meaning. Phonetic Cards: A set of cards with phonetic words printed on them with the vowels in red and the consonants in blue to give the child reading practice. 36